Wednesday, January 2, 2013
"In human vision, the three-dimensional world is imaged by the lens of the eye onto the retina, which is populated with photoreceptor cells that respond to light having wavelengths ranging from about 400 nm to 700 nm. In video and in film, we build a camera having a lens and a photosensitive device, to mimic how the world is perceived by vision. Although the shape of the retina is roughly a section of a sphere, it is topologically two dimensional. In a camera, for practical reasons, we employ a flat image plane instead of a section of a sphere. Image science involves analyzing the continuous distribution of optical power that is incident on the image plane." - from Digital Video and HD, 2nd Edition, by Charles Poynton.